Illinois SB 840, exempts small, home-based food businesses producing certain “non-hazardous” food from state licensing and inspection oversight. This represents a significant change to the state’s regulatory scheme for food products – previously, all food sold to consumers had to be made in commercial kitchens licensed and inspected by the Illinois Dept of Health. The Illinois legislature follows at least twenty other states that have either passed or are considering similar legislation. The bill incorporates the FDA Food Code’s definition of “non-potentially hazardous food,” but also declares a variety of specific foods – primarily baked goods, certain fruit jams and jellies, and herb and tea blends – to be “non-hazardous.” The core of the bill is a provision that prohibits both IDPH and local health departments from regulating the sale of these goods by cottage food producers. This inspection exemption applies only to cottage food operations with gross receipts less than $25,000 per year. The push for cottage food bills represents the idea that food safety regulation should (1) be scale-appropriate, and (2) target high-risk products.